What food will prolong life, will become a prevention of diabetes, stroke, heart disease and obesity. What are the benefits of different cuisines of the peoples of the world. The benefits of the Mediterranean diet, Japanese cuisine, Scandinavian food and French cuisine
Coronary heart disease, stroke and diabetes are consistently among the top ten causes of death worldwide, but each of these diseases can be prevented or controlled through proper nutrition. We tell you which cuisines of the world are best at preventing cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, endocrine and other chronic diseases.1. Mediterranean cuisine
Thanks to fresh fruits and vegetables, cereals from whole grains, nuts, fish and olive oil as the main source of fats, the Mediterranean diet received the status of the healthiest in the world. This magical combination of products improves overall health, preventing stroke, type 2 diabetes, cancer and even senile dementia.
An analysis of medical data from more than 1.5 million adults found that switching to a Mediterranean diet reduced the risk of cardiovascular disease, Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease.
Key components of Mediterranean cuisine : vegetables, fruits, beans, nuts, whole grains, herbs and spices instead of salt, fish and poultry, limited consumption of red meat, red wine in moderate quantities.
A recent study confirmed that the Japanese owe their high life expectancy to a traditional diet, in which practically no long-term storage products are used, and the taste and appearance of dishes are minimally different from the original.
In 2005, the Japanese government issued guidelines for healthy eating, encouraging the public to consume less processed foods high in carbohydrates. Instead, it was recommended to eat more rice and vegetables. After 10 years, the researchers found that among the participants who followed the guidelines, the death rate from cardiovascular disease decreased by 15%.
Key components of Japanese cuisine : a large number of fresh products, rice, wheat and buckwheat noodles, fish and seafood, beans, vegetables, moderate consumption of meat, green matcha tea, a wide variety of dishes, small portions.3. Scandinavian cuisine
Unlike the Japanese and Mediterranean diets, far fewer people know about the benefits of Scandinavian cuisine. Meanwhile, a recent study published in the "American Journal of Clinical Nutrition" showed that the Nordic diet helps reduce inflammatory processes in the body, and along with them, the risk of developing colon cancer decreases.
Healthy Scandinavian cuisine is made by a high fiber content, a cool attitude towards sugar, and a large amount of vegetables and fruits. Also, residents of Sweden, Denmark, Norway, Finland and Iceland consume less processed meat and dairy products.
Key components of Scandinavian cuisine : fatty fish (herring, mackerel, flounder, salmon), seafood, rye bread, fruit, milk, cheese, barley, semolina, rice groats, rosehip drinks.4. West African cuisine
Cambridge University researchers evaluated the quality of nutrition in several West African countries (Mali, Chad, Senegal and Sierra Leone), and came to the conclusion that the local diet is not inferior in terms of fiber and PUFA omega-3 even to Japanese cuisine. Also, residents of this region suffer from type 2 diabetes and obesity much less often, which, however, can be explained by the moderate amount of food consumed.
Key components of West African cuisine: rice, yams, fish, peanuts, tomatoes, onions, cinnamon, bananas, pineapple, mangoes, raisins, poultry, spices.5. French cuisine
Scientists have long struggled to unravel the phenomenon of the French diet: How does this nation manage to eat foods high in saturated fat and yet have such low rates of cardiovascular disease and obesity?
One study found that the key is the amount of food consumed. Yes, the French love croissants, cheese and meat, but they eat them in moderation: most portions in Parisian restaurants contain an average of 277g of food, while in the US, where obesity has reached epidemic proportions, the average portion is 350g.
Key components of French cuisine: cheese, vegetables, wine, olive oil, beans, greens, apples, poultry, seafood and fish, red wine, cognac.