In a world where people get light calories and lead a sedentary lifestyle, the problem of obesity and related diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, etc. has become acute. Let's find out if adipose tissue is really so insidious and how its excess or lack affects the body.
In today's world, many people live at a frantic pace of life, which only accelerates over time, and with it, our nutritional needs change as well. We consume food quickly, tasty, but at the same time we want to stay healthy, beautiful, slim and full of energy. Fat tissue is the main source of energy in our body . And quite expectedly, in a world where people get light calories and lead a sedentary lifestyle, the problem of obesity and related diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, etc. has become acute. Our centuries-old mechanism has failed: we are not hungry, we have a good appetite, but at the same time we accumulate adipose tissue . Let's find out if adipose tissue is real is so insidious, and how its excess or lack affects the body .
Let's start with the good. Currently popular drying has nothing to do with health, and sometimes with beauty. Fat performs many important functions: it protects internal organs from injuries, stress and other environmental influences, serves as a reserve reservoir of energy, creates attractive forms, ensures the beauty of hair and skin, and is also responsible for thermoregulation. Also thanks to fat , nutrients are transported in the body and a number of hormones are synthesized, in particular, reproductive and steroid hormones, metabolic processes take place. Of course, we are talking about the normal amount of fat , that is, its ratio to everything else in the body : bones, muscles, etc.
The average healthy amount of body fat is 21% to 31% for women and 14% to 25% for men. With age, this indicator becomes greater in each person, this happens due to the natural slowing down of metabolic processes and the reduction of muscle tissue. This means only one thing: you need to take care of your body more, and not wave your hand. Age is not an excuse for being overweight, but only an additional risk factor. It should be noted that only in half of the cases the distribution and amount of fat in the body is determined genetically. And even in this case, you should not blame a big belly or a fat bottom on bad heredity. Most often, the cause of excess weight is incorrect eating habits, which are passed down from generation to generation.
The most dangerous type of fat is visceral, located around the organs of the abdominal cavity. It provokes the development of pathologies of the cardiovascular system, increases the level of cholesterol, can lead to type 2 diabetes and even the development of oncological diseases. Being an endocrine organ, adipose tissue takes part in the synthesis of sex hormones, since the wrong amount of fat can cause a violation of the hormonal background.
According to the World Health Organization classification, the risk of obesity -related diseases increases sharply with a waist circumference of more than 94 cm in men, and 80 cm is considered a critical mark for women. Also, excess fat in the body can provoke an inflammatory process. It works as follows: as a result of an excess of nutrients stored in the form of lipids inside the cells of adipose tissue , these cells gradually increase in volume, as a result of which they begin to lack oxygen, that is, energy. Oxidative stress develops, as a result of which cells of the immune system are activated, and the body begins to fight itself.