The pancreas, also known as the pancreas (so called because of its location), is an organ involved in both digestive processes and performing endocrine function. Various enzymes are synthesized and released in its cells - amylase, lipase, trypsin and others. In addition, there are depots of a number of hormones - insulin, glucagon, somatostatin.
The pancreas weighs about 100 grams and within 24 hours it synthesizes and secretes 1.5 - 2 liters of so-called pancreatic juice. In addition to various digestive enzymes, it also contains a certain amount of bicarbonate, which aims to alkalize the environment, as the food that enters the duodenum from the stomach has an acidic pH.
Inflammatory processes in the pancreas can be caused by various factors - infectious agents (mumps virus), excessive alcohol consumption (the main cause of pancreatitis in men), and gallstone disease (more common in women).
Under normal conditions, the digestive enzymes that are secreted by the pancreas are in an inactive form so that the gland itself cannot digest itself. However, when a block occurs in the transmission of these enzymes, their retention in the gland and, accordingly, an inflammatory reaction occurs, which can turn into a necrotic process.
In general, pancreatitis is divided into acute and chronic . Symptoms of impaired digestive function may also be associated with some endocrine dysfunctions in cases where the cells responsible for secreting hormones are affected.
Mild forms of acute pancreatitis do not affect the patient's diet (sparing regimen, without special restrictions), while severe forms require tube or parenteral nutrition. This aims to eliminate the function of the pancreas to secrete pancreatic juice, thus limiting the inflammatory process. After a certain period (on average about 4-5 days), tube feeding can be replaced by self-feeding, which includes liquid food, low in fat and carbohydrates, with a relatively high protein content.
After a few more days, the liquid food is replaced with products in the form of porridge. High-fat dairy products, fatty fish, as well as some types of meat - pork, sheep and offal - are excluded. On the other hand, the menu should contain lower-fat meats, such as turkey, rabbit, beef and chicken. Broths are excluded from the diet due to the high content of extracts that stimulate the secretion of pancreatic juice.
The effect of different types of spicy spices, spicy dishes , coffee, smoked and canned foods is similar . Therefore, it is necessary to exclude or at least reduce the quantities we take from them.
It is recommended to avoid frying and replace it with cooking or baking. Allowed products are potatoes, carrots, cottage cheese, and from the drinks - unsweetened tea and mineral water, without the use of carbonated beverages, which have an irritating effect.
Impaired digestive function leads to impaired degradation of nutrients and, consequently, incomplete absorption of a number of valuable nutrients. Therefore, replacement therapy of some vitamins, as well as macro- and microelements is required. Essential vitamins have suplimentatsiya of fat-soluble A, D, E and K . Vitamin E also has an antioxidant role for pancreatic cells affected by the inflammatory process.
Meals should be frequent - 5-6 times a day , but on the other hand smaller in quantity. It is not recommended to keep food very cold or hot, as these factors are also important for the secretion of pancreatic juice. 3642