A healthy lifestyle can significantly reduce the risk of sudden heart attack in women, according to a new study.


The researchers analyzed the health data of about 82,000 women between 1984 and 2010. During those 26 years, 321 cases of sudden heart attack were reported, some of them fatal.


There are four main lifestyles that can prevent cardiovascular problems: not smoking, a body mass index of less than 25 kg / m2, and exercising at least 30 minutes per day and to follow a diet of the Mediterranean diet , which is based on the consumption of vegetables, fruits, nuts, legumes, whole grains,fish and moderate alcohol intake.


Women who follow all four recommendations can reduce their risk of heart problems by 92%, the researchers said.

 



A heart attack or myocardial infarction occurs when the heart muscle is damaged and part of its cells die due to lack of oxygen. Oxygen reaches the heart through arteries - the coronary blood vessels.



Most heart attacks are caused by blockage of these arteries. If the blood flow is not restored within 20 to 40 minutes, irreversible changes occur in the heart muscle , leading to the death of its constituent cells. Within 6-8 hours, the heart muscle dies and the heart attack ends.




A connective tissue scar forms at the site of the dead muscle cells .



Vascular occlusion is usually caused by atherosclerosis , which is the accumulation of fatty plaques in the arterial wall of the coronary vessels that feed the heart muscle.