We all know that a lack of vitamins leads to vitamin deficiency. Just as an excess of vitamins does not bring anything good. Today, let's learn more about vitamin PP: it is very important, in particular for the female body.
We all know that a lack of vitamins leads to vitamin deficiency. Just as an excess of vitamins does not bring anything good. However, few people know the entire list of vitamins and trace elements necessary for the human body, especially those that are rarely mentioned. Today, let's learn more about vitamin PP : it is very important, in particular for the female body.
In 1937, it became known that the vitamin is able to protect against pellagra - a serious disease manifested by confusion, hallucinations, depression, diarrhea, vomiting and dermatitis. Pellagra is still found in the underdeveloped and poorest countries of the world and is considered a fatal disease, especially in the absence of timely and correct treatment.
Vitamin PP has 2 active forms in which it exists - nicotinic acid and nicotinamide. The first of them has been known since the 19th century, namely since 1873, when Professor Weidel synthesized it by oxidizing nicotine. At the same time, nicotinic acid was in no way identified with vitamin PP and was not associated with the development of pellagra.
Nowadays, vitamin PP is equal in importance and effectiveness to medicinal products and is considered an element without which the normal course of oxidation-reduction processes in the body is impossible.
In addition, vitamin PP :
Regulates the activity of the higher nervous system.
It has a positive effect on digestion processes.
Protects the cardiovascular system.
Dilates blood vessels.
Prevents the development of thrombosis and hypertension.
Normalizes cholesterol level.
Contributes to the body's detoxification processes.
As for the hormonal sphere, vitamin PP takes part in the formation of a number of important hormones: thyroxine, cortisol, insulin, testosterone, progesterone, estrogen.
We get vitamin PP with food, it is found in many common products, and 20 mg of nicotinic acid per day is enough for the normal functioning of the body . Improper nutrition can lead to an imbalance of this vitamin , as a result of which avitaminosis or hypervitaminosis develops, which is equally harmful to a person.
The state of vitamin deficiency is the most dangerous, as it leads to the development of the same pellagra. A number of signs can indicate a vitamin deficiency :
Soreness of the gums.
In the future, when the deficiency of nicotinic acid increases , the normal flow of biochemical processes in nerve cells is disturbed and symptoms indicating damage to the nervous system appear. A person becomes apathetic, depressed, his consciousness is confused. Irritability, insomnia, and fatigue are common, and if left untreated, the condition can progress to hallucinations and delusions.
Symptoms of hypervitaminosis occur much less frequently and are manifested by similar psychoneurological phenomena, but they are often accompanied by various skin problems:
Cracks and ulcers that do not heal for a long time.
If the diet is balanced, the nutrition is varied and complete, you can not be afraid of a lack of nicotinic acid . Fortunately, it is found in common food products, in particular of animal origin:
Vegetables and fruits are also rich in vitamin PP :
Corn, buckwheat, wheat and other cereals are generally his treasury.
It is interesting that when cooking products, about 40% of vitamin PP is transferred to water, since it can be used later, for example, for sauces.