As a general rule, food additives, which are denoted by the letter E and a few digits after it, are strictly divided into several categories according to their action. Additives, whose numerical designation begins with 5, are regulators of the acidity of food, with a pronounced influence on the process of baking. Thus, foods that contain this group of supplements are mostly in baked form. One of the widely used products in this group is E510 - ammonium chloride .
Ammonium chloride is also known as nishadar . The product does not belong to the group of officially approved food additives for use in the European Union, but it is not banned because there are no data on direct toxic effects from its use in small quantities. That is why a number of baked foods are found on the market , the labels of which indicate the content of E510. However, experts recommend that such products be consumed with caution by people with certain health problems, which we will list below.
E510 is used in the food industry for two main purposes:
- To improve the color of the flour;
- To support the baking of the products and to give a specific crispy taste:
Providing these two effects, ammonium chloride is added in the production of a number of pasta products - bakery products, cakes and other pastries that are baked and maximum baking is sought during baking.
E510 does not give a specific taste to the products in which it is used, and the consumer can be informed of its presence only by the indications on the label. There is no evidence of toxic effects of nishadar in healthy people after consumption of foods containing it. However, experts recommend that such foods be approached with caution in several cases.
Foods containing the E510 supplement should be avoided by people with chronic liver problems, kidney problems or stomach upsets. Ammonium chloride can cause acidosis with nausea and abdominal pain.
Clinical studies show that the processing of ammonium chloride in the body can further burden these organs and impair their functionality. However, such effects are observed only with large doses of ammonium chloride, which can hardly be consumed with food alone.