Adherence to a healthy diet, rich in fruits, vegetables, fish and nuts, in heart disease reduces the risk of life and a new cardiovascular accident, show the results of a new study.
The data are: in those who follow a healthy diet, the risk of heart attack is 14% lower, heart failure - 28%, stroke - 19% and fatal outcome due to heart disease or stroke - 35%.
Consumption of fruits and vegetables significantly reduces the risk of recurrence of cardiovascular disease, explains researcher Mashid Degan from McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.
This is the first large international study to show that eating healthy foods helps prevent another heart attack or stroke in people who are already on medication for high blood pressure and unhealthy cholesterol levels.
The survey included 31,546 people aged 55 and over from 14 countries. All have a history of heart disease, stroke, peripheral arterial disease or diabetes with heart damage. Participants are at high risk of having a heart attack, stroke or other heart complications.
Volunteers provide information on the frequency of consumption of fruits, vegetables, cereals, fish, meat and dairy products in the last 12 months.
Over a period of 5 years, scientists registered 5,190 cases of problems related to heart attack or stroke.
The results show that those who follow a healthy diet have a lower risk of cardiovascular problems than those who eat poorly and this is regardless of the type or combination of drugs taken, nationality, income level, age or other risk factors for cardiovascular disease. .
Many people with cardiovascular disease have the misconception that medications are enough to limit the risk of subsequent problems. Patients believe that if they are taking medication to lower blood pressure or cholesterol, they do not need to change their diet to a healthier one, says Mashid Degan. However, diet is also important, the expert emphasizes.
To reduce the risk of heart attack and stroke, experts give a few brief tips:
- Include more whole grains in your diet, containing at least 5 grams of fiber.
- Replace the consumption of oil with other healthier options - olive oil, canola oil or other monounsaturated fats.
- Eat fruits and vegetables regularly.
- Eat fish at least twice a week.
- Instead of salt on the table, add an herb or spice to flavor the food.