What happens to the body when you consume sugar. Sweets contribute to obesity and the development of diabetes. The role of the pancreas in regulating blood sugar.
The insidiousness of sweets is that when using them, it is very difficult to observe the measure. Sugar is addictive and contributes to the development of diabetes.Your brain responds to sugar like cocaine
It's hard to believe, but the effect of sugar on the brain is very similar to the effect of cocaine. As in the case of cocaine, sugar contributes to the release of large amounts of dopamine and serotonin - the "hormones of happiness". Thus, you become addicted and want to eat even more sweets.The pancreas enters the "game".
As soon as glucose enters the blood, the body sends signals to the pancreas, which produces insulin. This is a hormone that serves as a kind of key for body cells. It binds to receptors on the surface of cells, which allows the latter to absorb glucose.
As soon as insulin has done its job, blood sugar levels begin to drop dramatically and you may crave sweets again.
Sudden spikes in blood sugar affect your mood and performance. After 20-40 minutes after consuming sugar, you may feel a decline in strength. And if you are fond of sweets, you can often feel thirsty. This happens because excess sugar from the blood is excreted in the urine. At the same time, each glucose molecule is associated with several water molecules, so dehydration occurs.
If you got on a "sugar hook", it is difficult for you to give it up, then over time you will start to notice that you have started to gain weight. Sweets are very high in calories. One bar of dark chocolate contains as many as 600 kcal! Simple sugars are quickly absorbed by the body and turn into fats. In addition, the craving for sweets increases the feeling of hunger, which creates another powerful factor for obesity.
As you know, part of the glucose from the blood is deposited in the liver in the form of glycogen. However, the liver can store only a small part of glucose. Excess sugar in the blood is included in other biochemical processes and turns into fat, which is deposited in the organs.
If you are fond of sweets, then you have an increased risk of developing diabetes
Why is this happening? The insidiousness of sweets is that they contribute to an increase in body weight, which in turn leads to insulin resistance. When obese, the cells of the body react poorly to insulin. Insulin may be enough, but it does not bind to cell receptors. Thus, the cells do not absorb sugar, due to which its concentration in the blood increases. This is how type 2 diabetes develops.
Your heart has a much harder time pumping blood saturated with sugar. In addition, the load affects blood vessels and nerve cells. That is why people with diabetes have disorders of the cardiovascular and nervous systems.Your teeth are prone to danger
You probably know that sugar addiction leads to caries and other dental diseases. And all because the bacteria living in your oral cavity love sugar very much. As soon as you give them another portion of glucose, they begin to multiply rapidly, releasing toxic waste products that destroy tooth enamel.