Yogurt is obtained after fermentation of fresh milk. Two bacteria have a special contribution to this - Lactobacillus bulgaricus and Streptococcus thermophilus . They live in constant symbiosis and fermentation would not be possible without them.
Lactobacillus bulgaricus is named after our country because it was discovered by the Bulgarian medical student Stamen Grigorov . He also found that yogurt has a very different chemical composition than fresh. It is rich in more milk sugar as a result of changes that occur during fermentation periods.
Yogurt is a valuable source of protein and carbohydrates . It can also contain a large amount of pure calcium ions . Not accidentally, in severe bone fractures or dislocations - sprains, it is recommended to take yogurt and fresh milk. It is also recommended to take for recovery from training , taking for disorders of the cardiovascular system. Calcium ions are a very important electrolyte for myocardial function.
Yogurt also has very good dietary performance . Its fat level is lower, which makes it a universal food component for diabetics. In this way, a larger amount of pure carbohydrate is delivered, which undergoes a much easier and faster metabolism. This is one of the reasons why many bodybuilders take yogurt or fresh milk shakes with banana . The energy contribution is very large and easily turns the biochemical mechanisms in the body to a cycle of anabolism , ie the construction of cellular components, which is important during periods of muscle building or storage in a heavier and more restrictive diet .
Yogurt has the exceptional effect of lowering LDL-cholesterol levels in the blood. When you drink yogurt for several days, the levels of bad cholesterol are reduced by 30-40%, which reduces the risk of atherosclerosis and other diseases of the cardiovascular system.
Yogurt is also effective against acute constipation - constipation and other diseases associated with obstruction of the gastrointestinal tract. It is also effective in combating stetorrhea .
The most important carbohydrate contained in milk is lactose . During glycolytic degradation, one molecule of glucose and one molecule of galactose are released in the body . Their degradation leads to the release of 12 and 24 ATP molecules in the citrate cycle. Unfortunately for many bodybuilders from the professional staff, yogurt is not involved in the synthesis of glycogen in the muscles, that is, when increasing muscle mass, it can only be used as a source of energy for muscle activity.
The yoghurtrecommended for daily use - no more than one bucket of 400 grams, divided into one or two meals. Two or three tablespoons of oatmeal can be added to it , and on carbohydrate days you can add a teaspoon of warmed honey or a spoonful of rose , raspberry and strawberry jam.
Yogurt is also a valuable source of protein. For every 400 grams, about 18 g of pure protein is given, of which 50-60% is whey . The most valuable milk source of protein is cottage cheese - about 17-18 grams per 100 g of product.