Osteoporosis is a disease that has become a serious health problem on a global scale. Ranking among the most common bone diseases in old age, it is a progressive metabolic disease with a gradual loss of bone density.
 
Bone tissue combines in its composition both organic substances (collagen, elastin) and inorganic - the trace elements phosphorus, calcium and others. The gradual reduction of their number, as well as the disturbed balance of the processes of building and destruction of bone tissue lead to the development of osteoporosis.
 
The danger of this disease lies in the fact that it is asymptomatic for a long time, which is why it is also called the "silent enemy" . When the loss of bone density reaches a certain threshold, the most serious health consequences are bone fractures , even with minimal trauma or moderate strain. The most common are fractures of the femoral neck, which lead to forced immobilization, and in some people to disability.
 

Causes of osteoporosis and which people are more at risk of developing the disease?

Certain contingents of people are more often affected by the disease. After the age of 65, bone density begins to decline at a faster rate. The process of osteoporosis in women does not occur with the onset of menopause, it begins 10 years before it, but after a woman enters menopause, the loss of bone density accelerates.
 
In men, the risk of osteoporosis increases more slowly, but at the age of 70-75 it is already serious. Considered primarily a disease of women, the male population often remains outside the scope of prevention. Statistics show that after the age of 50, one in three women and one in five men are affected by the disease to one degree or another.
 
Secondary osteoporosis develops against the background of diseases affecting other organs - Cushing's syndrome, malabsorption of substances, as well as diseases of the thyroid and parathyroid glands. Prolonged use of some medications can also lead to the development of osteoporosis - an example of this is corticosteroids.
 
In pregnant women , as well as in lactating women , it is important to increase the daily intake of calcium, as its deficiency in the body leads to its extraction from the skeletal system of the mother's body and, accordingly, a gradual loss of bone density. And this in itself marks the initial stages in the development of osteoporosis.
 
 
 
For normal growth and development in children and adolescents, the intake of sufficient trace elements related to the formation of bone structure (calcium, magnesium, phosphorus) are extremely important for the prevention of many diseases.
 

What is the important role of calcium and adequate milk intake in the fight against osteoporosis?

Studies show that modern man suffers much more often from a deficiency of various minerals , as opposed to that of vitamins. Dairy products take first place among foods that should be present daily in the diet of every person. With care to provide enough calcium in the daily diet, a product with the brand Vereya is offered on the market, in which an additional amount of such a valuable element, which plays a key role in the fight against osteoporosis, is used.
 
The development of the disease is also associated with a lack of vitamin D, which is important for the absorption of calcium obtained from food. Foods rich in this vitamin are oily fish: mackerel, salmon, herring, as well as further fortified dairy products. The recommended daily dose of calcium is 700-800 mg. As with pregnant and lactating women, as well as around menopause , it needs to be increased. 
 
It is important to eat more fruits and vegetables, which alkalize the body's environment, as acidification of the environment leads to increased calcium loss. Soy contains natural estrogens, and they are directly related to the metabolism of calcium in the body. Last but not least is moderate physical activity , which is important in the complex prevention of osteoporosis.
 
Teeth are also not spared in calcium deficiency. This is another reason why the supply of this valuable trace element should be in sufficient quantity to provide us with a healthy and beautiful smile.